Peperiksaan Sebenar SPM Tahun 2012 Lembaga Peperiksaan, Kementerian Pendidikan Malaysia, Putrajaya. Matematik Tambahan Kertas 2 (Additional Mathematics Paper 2 SPM year 2012. Board of Examination, MOE Malaysia)
Choosing between between better salaries and number of teachers
Singapore and South Korea have both choose to limit their intake of teachers, which means more spending per teacher is possible and this will also raises the bar for entry into this profession. They also adopt the strategy that class size is less important than teacher quality on the impact of quality of student outcomes.
Thus, South Korea’s student-to-teacher ratio is 20:1, compared to the OECD average of 16:1 and the Malaysian ratio of 13:1. This enables the South Korean system to pay each teacher substantially more while maintaining the same overall funding level as other OECD countries. Singapore has pursued a similar strategy.
Additionally, since Singapore and South Korea need fewer teachers, they are also in a position to be much more selective about who enters the profession. These strategies create a virtuous cycle that raises the status of teaching and consequently the quality of those applying, making the profession even more attractive.